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Renewables.ninja PV and Wind Profiles

Package version
Description Simulated hourly country-aggregated PV and wind capacity factors for Europe
Notes This data package contains simulated wind and PV capacity factors from Renewables.ninja, at hourly resolution, for all European countries. Unlike the time series data package, which contains data reported from network operators, this package contains simulated data using historical weather conditions. -- License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/. -- More information and references to cite when using these data: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.060 and https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.068 -- The data are generated using the MERRA-2 reanalysis, for current PV and Wind capacities in Europe. For more data, e.g. PV simulations based on the SARAH dataset and future wind capacity factors, see https://www.renewables.ninja/#/country
Last changes Initial release
Geographical scope 36 European countries
Documentation Documentation and script (view on GitHub)
Download Data package (zip)
opsd-ninja_pv_wind_profiles-2017-07-19.zip (90 MB)

Individual data files (csv, xlsx)
ninja_pv_wind_profiles_singleindex.csv (298 MB) Alternative file formats Filter

Database (SQLite)
ninja_pv_wind_profiles.sqlite (385 MB)
Meta data README.md
datapackage.json
Input data Not provided
Sources Renewables.ninja
Data license Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
Contact Stefan Pfenninger
Subscribe Get notified by email for updates
Attribution should be given as follows:
  • For academic and professional use (presentations, journal articles, trade publications, etc): Please cite the papers describing our methods [1, 2] and, if possible, link to www.renewables.ninja.
  • For other use: Please either cite the papers [1, 2] or link to www.renewables.ninja, as is more appropriate.
[1] Pfenninger, Stefan and Staffell, Iain (2016). Long-term patterns of European PV output using 30 years of validated hourly reanalysis and satellite data. Energy 114, pp. 1251-1265. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.060
[2] Staffell, Iain and Pfenninger, Stefan (2016). Using Bias-Corrected Reanalysis to Simulate Current and Future Wind Power Output. Energy 114, pp. 1224-1239. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.068
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Field documentation

ninja pv wind profiles singleindex.csv

Field Name Type (Format) Description
time datetime (fmt:%Y-%m-%dT%H%M%SZ) Start of time period in Coordinated Universal Time
AL_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Albania
AT_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Austria
AT_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Austria
AT_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Austria
BA_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Bosnia and Herzegovina
BE_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BE_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Belgium
BG_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Bulgaria
BG_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Bulgaria
CH_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Switzerland
CH_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Switzerland
CY_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Cyprus
CY_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Cyprus
CZ_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Czech Republic
CZ_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Czech Republic
DE_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DE_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Germany
DK_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Denmark
DK_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Denmark
DK_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Denmark
DK_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Denmark
DK_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Denmark
DK_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Denmark
EE_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Estonia
EE_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Estonia
EE_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Estonia
ES_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Spain
ES_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Spain
ES_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Spain
ES_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Spain
FI_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FI_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Finland
FR_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in France
FR_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in France
GB_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GB_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Great Britain
GR_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Greece
GR_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Greece
GR_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Greece
HR_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Croatia
HR_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Croatia
HU_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Hungary
HU_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Hungary
IE_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IE_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Ireland
IT_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Italy
IT_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Italy
IT_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Italy
IT_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Italy
IT_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Italy
IT_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Italy
LT_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Lithuania
LT_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Lithuania
LT_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Lithuania
LU_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Luxembourg
LU_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Luxembourg
LU_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Luxembourg
LV_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Latvia
LV_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Latvia
MD_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Moldova
ME_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Montenegro
MK_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Macedonia
MK_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Macedonia
MT_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Malta
NL_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NL_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Netherlands
NO_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Norway
NO_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Norway
PL_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Poland
PL_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Poland
PL_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Poland
PL_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Poland
PT_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Portugal
PT_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Portugal
PT_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Portugal
RO_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Romania
RO_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Romania
RO_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Romania
RS_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Serbia
SE_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_offshore_current number (float) Offshore current wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_onshore_current number (float) Onshore current wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_national_long-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated long-term future wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_national_near-termfuture number (float) Nationally-aggregated near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_offshore_near-termfuture number (float) Offshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SE_wind_onshore_near-termfuture number (float) Onshore near-term future wind generation capacity factor in Sweden
SI_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Slovenia
SI_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Slovenia
SK_pv_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current pv generation capacity factor in Slovakia
SK_wind_national_current number (float) Nationally-aggregated current wind generation capacity factor in Slovakia
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